A Bibliography of Science & Religion
This is drawn from John Polkinghorne's excellent book
Science & Theology (1998). I have made a few additions, in green.
John has also made (so far) one addition, in red.
Where there are links, you can click on the book to get the amazon.com listing.
Click on the UK
and you get the amazon.co.uk listing. I'm afraid it takes ages to make these
links, so they will be updated gradually. If you need a link urgently, EMail
Last Updated 11 Jan 2001- adding excellent books
by Rose and Kagan and Alexander.
Dennis Alexander, a practicing Immunologist, has written
a brilliant book called Rebuilding
the Matrix (US) which is a masterly overview of Science and Religion.
It's coming out in Paperback
Three major authors are scientists who have turned their attention to theological
issues, the scientist-theologians: Ian Barbour, Arthur Peacocke and John Polkinghorne.
Their principal writings are:
Seven other books, each with a distinctive approach, are:
Further one may note books by theologians who display sympathy to the need
to take science seriously:
WB Drees Religion,
Science & Naturalism UK
(CUP 1996). A closely argued presentation combining an exclusively naturalistic
account of phenomena with theistic answers to certain 'limit questions'.
Haught, Science and Religion UK
(Paulist Press, 1995). A number of questions are raised, to each of which
four contarsting responses are offered, corresponding to stances characterised
as embodying conflict, contrast, contact and confirmation, respectively.
P Hefner The Human Factor UK
(Fortress, 1993) A discussion set in a broad, humane, cultural context
and making substantial appeal to evolutionary insights. A key concept is
of human beings seen as 'created co-creators' with God.
Murphy and GFR Ellis, On the Moral Nature of the Universe
(Fortress, 1996). Particular attention is paid to the social sciences,
seen as undergirded by ethical considerations, and to the role of virtue
in framing a general cosmology.
WM Richardson and WJ Wildman, eds. Religion
and Science (Routeledge, 1996) A well-edited volume in which the
discussion of historical and methodological questions is followed by six
case studies in each of which two authors (a scientist and a theologian)
explore an issue of contemporary significance.
H Rolston, Science
and Religion (Temple University Press, 1987). Particular attention
is paid to ecological issues and the discussion includes the social sciences
as well as the natural sciences.
MW Worthing, God,
Creation and Contemporary Physics UK(Fortress,
1996). A book that concentrates on a detailed discussion of issues arising
from contemporary physics, especially quantum theory and cosmology.
W Panneberg, Towards a Theology of Nature, ed. T Peters (Westminster/John
Knox Press, 1993)
Torrance, Theological Science UK
(OUP 1969) Difficult but important.
The Area of Interaction
J Bowker Is God a Virus (SPCK 1995) A critique of genetic reductionism.
JB Cobb and DR Griffin, Process
Theology (Westminster Press, 1976) Introduction to both process
philosophy and process theology.
JB Cobb and CR Mesle, Process
Theology; A Basic Introduction (Chalice Press, 1993)
F Crick, The
Astonishing Hypothesis (Simon & Schuster) Physicalist approach
to the question of the mind.
R Dawkins, The Selfish Gene (OUP 1976). Genetic reductionism is
expounded in this and subsequent writings.
DC Dennett, Consciousness
Explained (Little Brown, 1991) Physicalist approach to the question
of the mind. Dennett considers human mental processes to be the result
of an anarchic struggle in which many parallel neural computers produce
'multiple drafts' in which one of them wins out. Despite his over-ambitious
title he does not come anywhere near giving a convincing account of the
fundamental human experience of awareness.
J Eccles, The
Human Mystery (RKP, 1984) A defence of dualism by a Nobel-prize-winning
D Hodgson, The
Mind Matters (OUP 1991) An attempt to tackle the mind/body problem
using quantum theory.
MA Jeeves, Human
Nature and The Millennium (Appolos, 1997) A discussion of how modern
neuropsychology and biblical anthropology relate to each other.
M Lockwood, Mind,
Brain and the Quantum (Blackwell 1989) An attempt to tackle the
mind/body problem using quantum theory.
T Nagel, The
View from Nowhere (OUP 1986) Philosophy sympathehtic to dual-aspect
D Parfitt, Reasons
and Persons (OUP 1944) Chs 10-15. Difficulties felt by a philosopher
about the concept of personal identity.
R Penrose, The
Emporor's New Mind (OUP 1989) Forcefully
argues for the impossibility of a computer being truly conscious, using
variants the Godel arguments expounded earlier by JR Lucas. Also
includes an attempt to tackle the mind/body problem using quantum theory.
R Penrose, The Shadows
of the Mind (OUP, 1994) Penrose replies to his critics.
JR Lucas, The Freedom
of the Will (OUP 196x) The book that first used the Godel argument to show
that human beings cannot be automata: see Lucas'
JR Searle, The
Rediscovery of the Mind (MIT Press, 1992) Includes a defence of
folk-psychology and an emergentist approach.
AN Whitehead, Process
and Reality (The Free Press, corrected edition 1978). The classic
source for process thinking.
K Ward, In
Defense of the Soul (Oneworld, 1992) A spirited defense of the
idea of the soul.
Robert Kane, The
Significance of Free Will Kane does a superb job of untangling
the confusions about free will, and explaining why and how it is of fundamental
importance. We all start by knowing we have freewill but 'clever' philosophers
have always tried to bamboozle us into believing that we havent.
Kane gives a scrupulously fair summary of the arguments but presents the
case for 'incompatablist' free will in an overwhelming and successful manner.
Required reading for anyone seriously interested in these matters, which
are fundamental to morality, personal identity, love, and almost everything
else that matters.
MJ Denton Nature's
Destiny (The Free Press, 1998)UK
A kind of biological version of the Anthropic Principle.
book should inaugurate a new phase in the discussion of the presence of
inherent potentiality in nature. It does for biological science what the
previous physics-based discussions concerning the anthropic principle and
questions of design had done for cosmology. Fascinating and important.
J Begbie, Voicing
Creation's Praise (T&T Clark, 1991) The relation between art
P Berger, Rumours of Angels (Penguin, 1970) 'Signals of Transcendence'
B Davies, The
Thought of Thomas Aquinas (OUP 1992) A useful introduction to the
thought of Thomas Aquinas.
PCW Davies, God
and the New Physics (Dent, 1983) Natural Theology developed outside
a religious tradition.
PCW Davies, The
Mind of God (Simon and Schuster, 1992) Further thoughts on Natural
Theology developed outside a religious tradition.
R Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker. (Longman 1986) A biologist asserts
the meaninglessness of evolutionary history.
C de Duve Vital
Dust (Basic Books, 1995) An optimistic assessment of the ease with
which life might originate.
DC Dennett, Darwin's Dangerous Idea (Simon & Schuster, 1995)
A claim that Darwinian ideas explain practically everything.
J Monod, Chance and Necessity (Collins, 1972) A biologist asserts
the meaninglessness of evolutionary history.
G Steiner, Real
Presences (Faber & Faber, 1989) The relation between art and
R Swinburne, The
Existence of God (OUP 1979) An early work developing particular
aspects of his philosophical approach to theistic belief.
R Swinburne, Is
there a God? (OUP 1996) An accessible summary of Swinburne's philosophical
approach to theistic belief.
R Swinburne, The
Christian God (OUP 1994). Swinburne builds a rigorous metaphysical
system for describing the world, which he applies to assessing the validity
of the Christian tenets of the Trinity and the Incarnation
J Bowker, Licensed
Insanities (DLT 1987) Appendix. A general account of God as acting
through information input.
J Hick, Evil
and the God of Love UK(Macmillan
1966) A useful survey of various approaches to the problem of evil.
GM Jantzen God's
World, God's Body. (DLT 1984) A defence of the idea of divine embodiment.
GD Kaufman, God
the Problem (Harvard, 1972) A single action account of divine action.
J Moltmann, The Trinity and the Kingdom of God UK (SCM 1981) Among
Moltmann's work, this particularly emphasises the divine 'making way' to
allow ontological space for creation.
J Moltmann, The
Trinity and the Kingdom: The Doctrine of God (Fortress 1993) UK
This may be the same book, revised? The other seems to be unavailable.
J Moltmann, God
in Creation (SCM 1985) This too emphasises the divine 'making way'
to allow ontological space for creation.
RJ Russell, N Murphy and A Peacoke (eds.) Chaos
and Complexity (Vatican Observatory, 1995) A variety of contrasting
approaches to divine action.
WH Vanstone, Love's
Endeavour, Love's Expense (DLT, 1977) A sensitive account of the
inherent precariousness of creativity by Love.
K Ward, Divine
Action (Collins, 1990) A theological discussion of many aspects
of divine action.
K Ward, Rational
Theology and the Creativity of God (Blackwell, 1982) A dipolar
account of deity very different from that of process theology.
V White, The Fall of the Sparrow (Paternoster Press, 1985) A discussion
of God's agency, framed in terms of tight divine control.
MF Wiles, God's
Action in the World (SCM Press, 1986) A single action account of
JR Lucas, Space, Time and Causality (OUP 1985)
One of the few books in print by the great philosopher who formulated
Theorem (The Godel freewill argument)
MJ Borg, Jesus
in Contemporary Scholarship (Trinity Press International, 1994)
RE Brown, An
Introduction to New Testament Christology (Geoffrey Chapman, 1994)
JG Dunn, Christology in the Making (SCM 1980 Eerdmans
1996 seems to be a new edition). On Christology in the New Testament.
W James The
Variety of Religious Experience (Collins, 1990). The classic text
on religious experience in general.
J Moltmann, The
Theology of Hope (SCM 1967) On eschatology.
G O'Collins, Jesus
Risen (DLT 1987) On the resurrection.
R Otto, The
Idea of the Holy (OUP 1923) The classic account of the numinous.
W Pannenberg, Jesus:
God and Man (SCM, 1968) On Christology.
EP Sanders, Jesus
and Judaism (SCM, 1985) On Jesus.
AC Thistleton, The
Two Horizons (Eerdmans, 1980) A difficult but important book on
FJ Tipler, The
Physics of Immortality (Macmillan, 1994) On 'physical eschatology'
- highly speculative.
NT Wright, Jesus
and the Victory of God (SPCK, 1996) On Jesus.
JD Zizioulas, Being
as Communion (St Vladimir's Seminary press, 1985) On the Trinity.
O Clement, The
Roots of Christian Mysticism (New City, 1995) An exploration of
Christian Mysticism through the writings of the Fathers, by an outstanding
Orthodox theologian. [UK]
The World Faiths
M Barnes, Religions
in Conversation (SPCK 1989). A critique of the exclusivist/pluralist/
K Cragg, The
Christ of the Faiths (SPSCK 1986) A sympathetic and detailed discussion
of world faith traditions, from a Christian viewpoint.
G D'Costa, Theology
and Religious Pluralism (Blackwell, 1986) A discussion in terms
of the exclusivist/pluralist/ inclusivist classification.
H Küng, Christianity
and the World Religions (Doubleday, 1986) A sympathetic and detailed
discussion of world faith traditions, from a Christian viewpoint.
A Race, Christians
and Religious Pluralism (SCM 1983) A discussion in terms of the
exclusivist/pluralist/ inclusivist classification.
K Ward, Images
of Eternity (DLT 1987) Makes a claim to discern some common features
present in all faith traditions.
K Ward Religion
and Revelation (OUP 1994) Further discussion of interfaith issues.
K Ward Religion
and Creation (OUP 1996) Further discussion of interfaith issues.
IG Barbour Ethics
in an Age of Technology (SCM 1993) A much more detailed discussion
of ethical issues related to science and technology.
Prigogine, Ilya The
End of Certainty. In a direct extension of his Nobel-prize-winning
work on thermodynamics, Prigogine explains that almost all natural systems
are non-determinsitic, even if their components are subject to deterministic
laws. This is because such systems have enormous numbers of Poincare
resonances which lead to fundamentally non-deterministic solutions.
This provides a solution to 3 of the most important problems in science:
2:The Measurement Problem in Quantum Mechanics
3:The existence of Freewill. Everyone seriously
interested in these questions should read this book.
Jerome Kagan Three
Seductive Ideas (Harvard University Press 1998 [UK]).
A leading developmental psychologist demolishes three widely-believed myths:
1:That 'abstract' quantities like 'intelligence'
and 'anxiety' can be applied to rats/students/children/rich/poor indiscriminately
(it's all much more complex).
2:Infant Determinism (the 1st 2 years do not
fix the rest of your life)
3:That seeking Pleasure is the most important
psychological driver (in humans it's probably actually seeking moral fulfilment)
Steven Rose Lifelines
Hardback]) An excellent demolition of 'ultra-darwinism' (a la Dawkins)
by a real biologist (albeit an atheist materialist). He points out
1:The individual gene is not the only level at
which selection occurs.
2:Natural Selection is not the only force driving
3:Organisms are not indefinitely flexible to
change; selection is table d'hote and not a la carte.
4:Organisms are not mere passive responders to
selective forces, but active players in their own desitiny.